Ants are those pests we all hate and they tend to invade our kitchens and parts of the rest of our homes. Ants are social insects that live in more or less permanent nests.











Ants have three defined body parts, head, thorax and abdomen. In most ants, the first one or two anterior abdominal segments (which connect with the thorax) are much smaller than the rest, producing  a distinctly “waisted” appearance. These smaller basal abdominal segments, known as the pedicel, usually have one or two projections called nodes, which may serve as important features in the identification.

Life Cycle

Individual ants undergo a complete metamorphosis during their development. Eggs are mostly small and ovoid in shape. The larvae that hatches out is a whitish grub that is narrower towards the head. The larvae are fed by the adults, and after sufficient feeding and several moults, the larvae pupates.


Most ants live in more or less permanent nests, but in adverse conditions a change of nest location is not uncommon. Typically, worker ants forage from the nest for food. Many do this by travelling in fairly well defined trails, once a food source has been established.